2: The Electron¶

Example number 2.1, Page number 18¶

In :
#import modules
import math
from __future__ import division

#Variable declaration
E=2400;         #electric field intensity(V/m)
V=90;           #potential difference(V)
e=1.6*10**-19;       #the charge on electron(C)
m=9.12*10**-31;      #mass of electron(kg)

#Calculation
F=e*E;      #force on electron(N)
a=F/m;      #acceleration(m/s^2)
KE=e*V;     #Kinetic Energy of particle(J)
v=math.sqrt(2*KE/m);       #velocity of the electron(m/s)
v=v*10**-6;
v=math.ceil(v*10**2)/10**2;   #rounding off to 2 decimals

#Result
print "The force on electron is",F,"N"
print "Its acceleration is",round(a/1e+14,2),"*10**14 m/s^2"
print "The Kinetic Energy of particle is",KE,"J"
print "The velocity of the electron",v,"*10**6 m/s"
print "answers for acceleration and velocity given in the book varies due to rounding off errors"
The force on electron is 3.84e-16 N
Its acceleration is 4.21 *10**14 m/s^2
The Kinetic Energy of particle is 1.44e-17 J
The velocity of the electron 5.62 *10**6 m/s
answers for acceleration and velocity given in the book varies due to rounding off errors

Example number 2.2, Page number 18¶

In :
#import modules
import math
from __future__ import division

#Variable declaration
V=900;      #potential difference(V)
B=0.01;       #uniform magnetic field(Wb/m^2)
em=1.76*10**11;       #value of e/m(C/kg)

#calculation
v=math.sqrt(2*em*V);        #linear velocity of electron(m/s)
R=v/(em*B);             #radius of the circular path(m)
R=math.ceil(R*10**3)/10**3;   #rounding off to 3 decimals
v=v*10**-7;
v=math.ceil(v*10**2)/10**2;   #rounding off to 2 decimals

#Result
print "The linear velocity of electron is",v,"*10**7 m/s"
print "The radius of the circular path is",R,"m"
The linear velocity of electron is 1.78 *10**7 m/s
The radius of the circular path is 0.011 m

Example number 2.3, Page number 18¶

In :
#import modules
import math
from __future__ import division

#Variable declaration
d=6*10**-3;       #distance between plates(m)
V=900;          #potential difference(V)
B=0.5;          #uniform magnetic field(Wb/m^2)
Q=1.6*10**-19;      #the charge on electron(C)

#calculation
v=V/(B*d);       #velocity(m/s)
m=R*Q*B/v;       #mass of particle(kg)

#Result
print "The mass of particle",round(m/1e-26,3),"*10**-26 kg"
The mass of particle 2.827 *10**-26 kg

Example number 2.4, Page number 19¶

In :
#import modules
import math
from __future__ import division

#Variable declaration
V=6920;        #potential difference(V)
d=1.3*10**-2;      #distance between(m)
v=1.9*10**-4;      #velocity(m/s)
p=0.9*10**3;       #density of oil(kg/m^3)
n=1.81*10**-5;     #coefficient of viscosity(N-s/m^2)
g=9.81;          #accelaration due to gravity(m/s^2)

#calculation